Ketosis and the 3 Day Challenge
Ketosis is a metabolic reaction that occurs in the body, when following the OPTIFAST VLCD Program Intensive level.
This means the body shifts from using primarily carbohydrates to using fats as an energy source resulting in a reduction of body fat stores.
Ketones are by-products that are created when the body has to switch to fats as an energy source. It means stores of glycogen or carbohydrates have been depleted.
One of the consequences of ketosis is a decrease in appetite, which helps make following the OPTIFAST VLCD Program Intensive level much easier. As the Intensive level causes only a mild ketosis; it is a very safe approach to weight loss.
Prior to the transition into ketosis, your patients will most likely feel hungry and may experience some side-effects such as:
- lack of concentration
These side-effects should only last about 3 days and most symptoms usually pass by days 4-6. It is important to know that these are typical symptoms and that your patient should try to stick to the program as prescribed or otherwise they will simply pro-long these first few days of the OPTIFAST VLCD Program.
This is what is referred to as the 3 day challenge.
Following the initial 3 day challenge your patients will experience an increase in energy and reduction in appetite which, through the Intensive level, will result in a consistent and successful weight loss.
Once the body is in ketosis, any excess ketones that the body does not use for energy are excreted via your urine and breath (thus the incidence of halitosis in some cases). This enables the patient to measure the ketone levels in their urine with Ketone Reagent Strips or Ketostix.
Ketostix can be purchased over the counter from a local pharmacy.
The amount of carbohydrate required to induce ketosis depends on a number of factors and can actually vary from day to day depending on activity levels and fluid intake.
A diet containing 50-70g carbohydrate is generally considered low enough to produce ketosis but there is no absolute level that guarantees ketone production.
The OPTIFAST VLCD Program generally only produces a mild ketosis so some people find that Ketostix do not show ketones, or find that the levels fluctuate. If your patients are losing weight steadily, then there is no need to be concerned.
You can rely on the other symptoms of ketosis such as a reduction in appetite and the presence of halitosis as a guide instead.